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 栏目类别:知识点 >> 高中 >> 英语

副词

更新时间:2016/7/20 12:49:00  手机版

  副词的概念:

  副词是指在句子中表示行为或状态特征的词,用来修饰动词、形容词、其他副词、介词短语、非谓语动词乃至整个句子,表示时间、地点、程度、方式等概念。

  副词的位置:

  1)在动词之前。

  2)在be动词、助动词之后。

  3)多个助动词时,副词一般放在第一个助动词后。

  注意:

  a. 大多数方式副词位于句尾,但宾语过长,副词可以提前,以使句子平衡。

  如:We could see very clearly a strange light ahead of us.

  b. 方式副词well,badly糟、坏,hard等只放在句尾。

  如:He speaks English well.

  副词的排列顺序:

  1)时间,地点副词,小单位的在前,大单位在后。

  2)方式副词,短的在前,长的在后,并用and或but等连词连接。

  如:Please write slowly and carefully.

  3)多个不同副词排列:程度+地点+方式+时间副词。

  注意:副词very可以修饰形容词,但不能修饰动词。

  改错:(错)I very like English.

  (对)I like English very much.

  注意:副词enough要放在形容词的后面,形容词enough放在名词前后都可。

  如:I don't know him well enough.

  There is enough food for everyone to eat.

  There is food enough for everyone to eat.

  兼有两种形式的副词:

  1)close与closely:

  close意思是“近”;closely意思是“仔细地”。

  如: He is sitting close to me.

  Watch him closely.

  2)late与lately:

  late意思是"晚";lately意思是“最近” 。

  如:You have come too late.

  What have you been doing lately?

  3)deep与deeply:

  deep意思是“深”,表示空间深度;deeply时常表示感情上的深度,“深深地” 。

  如:He pushed the stick deep into the mud.

  Even father was deeply moved by the film.

  4)high与highly:

  high表示空间高度;highly表示程度,相当于much。

  如:The plane was flying high.

  I think highly of your opinion.

  5)wide与widely:

  wide表示空间宽度;widely意思是“广泛地”,“在许多地方”。

  如:He opened the door wide.

  English is widely used in the world.

  6)free与freely:

  free的意思是“免费”;freely的意思是“无限制地”。

  如:You can eat free in my restaurant whenever you like.

  You may speak freely, say what you like.

  副词知识体系:

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